Skip to content
Image of the AI robot lab technicians at St. Paul's Hospital - Jane and Tarzan
The new WASPLab automated workstation at the St. Paul’s Hospital’s Microbiology Laboratory. Photo: Providence Health Care.
Research + Innovation

A Western Canadian first: new automated AI-based lab system to transform care at St. Paul’s Hospital and beyond

by Justine Ma


This article originally appeared in The Daily Scan.

A sophisticated new laboratory workstation at St. Paul’s Hospital is using artificial intelligence and robots for repetitive tasks to let humans do the complex work.

And although some of the components of this new $1 million WASPLab might be new, they’re already paying dividends.

The dynamic robot duo of “Tarzan” and “Jane” handle and process up to 70% of laboratory samples that come through St. Paul’s Hospital Microbiology Laboratory these days, just a glimpse of the future at the new hospital. The pair is part of the new WASPLab funded by a donor from St. Paul’s Foundation. It’s highly efficient, modular, and scalable; it also frees up staff to focus on essential patient care tasks, while improving overall laboratory quality and efficiency.

Robots “Tarzan” and “Jane” work together to set up specimens to bacterial culture plates in the laboratory at St. Paul’s Hospital.
Robots “Tarzan” and “Jane” work together to set up specimens to bacterial culture plates in the laboratory at St. Paul’s Hospital.

“Ultimately, in order to optimize patient care, we want technologists to concentrate on the more complicated analytical laboratory work, the more interpretive work that requires human thought; we don’t want technologists to be performing manual work that machines and robots can easily take on,” says Dr. Marc Romney, head of Medical Microbiology and Virology.

At the new St. Paul’s, two of these workstations – including the current one – will be fully operational.

“This type of fully automated system that includes robotics, conveyance and artificial intelligence is an integral part of how the new St. Paul’s is achieving its goal of being the most technology-enabled hospital in the province,” says Janice Bittante, clinical lead for the project team. “The spirit of innovation the laboratory staff bring to this project always amazes me and makes this work so exciting and rewarding.”

Improving patient care and staff wellness with artificial intelligence

Photo of the smart incubators in the WASPLab at St. Paul's Hospital.
“Smart incubators” in the WASPLab take digital images of cultures plates, and also alert staff when culture plates have reached the correct incubation time, helping to shorten turnaround time.

Automation is a welcome addition at a busy laboratory like St. Paul’s, which processes over 145,000 microbiological samples each year from BC and the Yukon. The team of doctors and laboratory staff spent many months working with the Italian manufacturer, Copan, to help customize the new automated workstation to meet the lab’s needs.

For example, WASPLab uses standardized techniques to streak plates and capture individual colonies of bacteria, processes which would otherwise have been done by staff.

“Some patient specimens, especially those from the Yukon, come in late in the evening when laboratory staffing levels are typically lower,” says Willson Jang, team lead of Microbiology and Virology. “Before the WASPLab, those samples would have had to wait until the next morning. Now, technologists can put the bulk of them onto the WASPLab while they’re performing other important tasks. It’s been a huge benefit and has helped us deliver results faster so clinicians can start treating patients sooner.”

It’s also been better for staff’s physical well-being, says Dr. Romney.

“A lot of the work this machine does is repetitive and manual, like unscrewing the tops of specimen collection tubes, which requires a lot of hand dexterity and wrist work. All this manual work can cause repetitive strain injuries resulting in things like carpal tunnel syndrome. We want to focus on preserving the health and safety of our laboratory staff as much as possible.”

Leading the way in Western Canada

Photo of WASPLab artificial intelligence techonology
WASPLab’s AI technology automatically tags colonies for identification and testing.

While laboratory automation is not new, what makes St. Paul’s WASPLab unique in Western Canada is the integration of advanced artificial intelligence with digital images and automation. The workstation can automatically pre-assess and pre-sort culture plates, segregate bacterial cultures, and alert lab staff when results need further analysis.

The machine also features sophisticated digital technology to capture high-quality images of culture plates, which makes it easier for staff to review and analyze. 

When the new St. Paul’s opens in 2027, Dr. Romney estimates up to 85% of the laboratory’s clinical specimens will be processed by the two WASPLab workstations.

“At the new St. Paul’s, artificial intelligence will be performing some of the simpler tasks that are now assigned to technologists, and as it matures, artificial intelligence will become more sophisticated and impactful,” says Dr. Romney. “However, there will always be a need for critical thinking and careful analysis of test results, and also supervision of the instruments. Fortunately, there will always be a need for humans in the laboratory!”